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Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry in New South Wales, 2016

Research by the Australian Bureau of Agricultural
and Resource Economics and Sciences

About my region
December 2016

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© Commonwealth of Australia 2016

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ABARES 2016, Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry in New South Wales, 2016. About my region, Canberra, December. CC BY 3.0.

ABARES project 43009

Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES)
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Acknowledgements
ABARES relies on the voluntary cooperation of farmers participating in the annual Australian Agricultural and Grazing Industries Survey, Australian Dairy Industry Survey, Australian Vegetable Growing Farms Survey and farm survey of irrigation farms in the Murray-Darling Basin to provide data used in the preparation of this report. Without their help, these surveys would not be possible. ABARES farm survey staff collected most of the information presented in this report through on-farm interviews with farmers. In addition, in 2015 a survey of sugarcane producing farms was conducted in Queensland and New South Wales.

This state profile was updated by Clay Mifsud, Aruni Weragoda, Jeremy van Dijk, Peter Martin, Milly Lubulwa, Dale Ashton, Mark Oliver, Beau Hug, Robert Curtotti, Jacob Savage, Peter Lock, Geoff Dunn, Lucy Randall and Evert Bleys.

Contents

Sectors

Regional overview

Employment

Agricultural sector

Fisheries sector
Forestry sector
References

Tables

Number of farms, by industry classification 2014–15
Financial performance, New South Wales broadacre industries, 2013–14 to 2015–16, average per farm
Farm cash income of New South Wales broadacre farms, by region, 2013–14 to 2015–16, average per farm
Financial performance, New South Wales dairy industry, 2013–14 to 2015–16, average per farm
Physical and financial performance, New South Wales vegetable industry, 2012–13 to 2014–15, average per farm
Physical and financial performance, sugarcane growing farm businesses, by region, 2013–14 and 2014–15

Figures

Employment profile, November 2015
Value of agricultural production, 2014–15
Distribution of farms by estimated value of agricultural operations, 2014–15
Real farm cash income, broadacre industries, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm
Real farm cash income, beef industry, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm
Real farm cash income, sheep industry, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm
Real farm cash income, grains industry, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm
Real farm cash income, dairy industry, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm
Real farm cash income, vegetable industry, 2005–06 to 2014–15, average per farm
Area of native forest, by tenure, New South Wales

Maps

Broad land use in New South Wales
ABARES Australian broadacre zones and regions

Boxes

Definitions

Regional overview

New South Wales covers a total area of around 800 642 square kilometres and is home to approximately 6 917 700 people (ABS 2011). Agricultural land in New South Wales occupies 647 853 square kilometres, or around 80.92 per cent of the state (refer to land use map below). Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 108 600 square kilometres, or 13.6 per cent of the state. The most common land use by area is grazing native vegetation, which occupies 355 400 square kilometres or 44.4 per cent of the state.

Broad land use in New South Wales

 Broad land use in New South Wales. Refer to preceeding text.
Source: Land use of Australia 2010–2011(ABARES, 2016 forthcoming)

Employment

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the November 2015 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 3.61 million people were employed in New South Wales.

Health Care and Social Assistance was the largest employment sector with 479 900 people, followed by Retail Trade with 386 600 people and Professional, Scientific and Technical Services with 349 700 people (refer to figure below). Other important employment sectors in the state were Construction, Education and Training, and Manufacturing.

The Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing sector employed 80 900 people or around 2 per cent of the state's workforce.

Display: Colour graph Tabular data Both graph and table

Employment profile, New South Wales, November 2015

Refer to tablular data for details:Employment profile, New South Wales, November 2014 Note: Annual average of the preceding 4 quarters
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 6291.0, Labour Force, Australia (ABS, 2015)

Agricultural sector

Value of agricultural production

In 2014–15, the gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales was $12.1 billion, which was 23 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in Australia ($53.6 billion). This is the most recent year for which ABS data are available.

The most important commodities in New South Wales (refer to figure below) based on the gross value of agricultural production were cattle and calves ($2.3 billion), followed by wheat ($2 billion) and wool ($0.9 billion). These commodities together contributed 42 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the state.

Display: Colour graph Tabular data Both graph and table

Value of agricultural production, New South Wales, 2014–15

Refer to tablular data for details: Value of agricultural production, New South Wales, 2014–15
Note:
   The graph shows only data published by the ABS. Some values were not published by the ABS to ensure confidentiality (shown as 'not available' in tabular data).
   a The "Other commodities" category includes the total value of commodities not published as well as those with small values.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 7503.0, Value of agricultural commodities produced, Australia (ABS, 2016b)
 

Number and type of farms

ABS data indicate that in 2014–15 there were 35 453 farms in New South Wales with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $5 000 or more (refer to table below). The state contains 32 per cent of all farm businesses in Australia.


Number of farms, by industry classification, New South Wales, 2014–15
Industry classification New South Wales Australia
Number of farms % of StateNumber of farmsContribution of NSW
to Australian total
%


Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $5 000 or more
   Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown
  Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics
Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised) 13 059 36.8 38 043 34.3
Other Grain Growing 4 454 12.6 14 907 29.9
Sheep Farming (Specialised) 3 397 9.6 9 575 35.5
Sheep-Beef Cattle Farming 3 053 8.6 8 374 36.5
Grain-Sheep or Grain-Beef Cattle Farming 2 826 8.0 7 330 38.6
Horse Farming 1 405 4.0 5 820 24.1
Dairy Cattle Farming 1 121 3.2 4 294 26.1
Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing 983 2.8 3 402 28.9
Vegetable Growing (Outdoors) 847 2.4 3 230 26.2
Grape Growing 756 2.1 3 197 23.7
Other 3 553 10.0 11 896 29.9
Total agriculture 35 453 100 110 068 32.2

Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Beef cattle farms (13 059) were the most common, accounting for 37 per cent of all farms in New South Wales, and 34 per cent of all beef cattle farms in Australia.

Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 47 per cent of farms in New South Wales had an EVAO of less than $50 000 (refer to graph below). These farms accounted for only 4 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2014–15. In comparison, 5 per cent of farms in the state had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 46 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in New South Wales in 2014–15.

Display: Colour graph Tabular data Both graph and table

Distribution of farms by estimated value of agricultural operations, New South Wales, 2014–15

Refer to tablular data for details: Distribution of farms by estimated value of agricultural operations, Greater Sydney region, 2013–14
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Farm financial performance — New South Wales

Each year, ABARES interviews Australian broadacre, dairy and vegetable producers as part of its annual survey program. Broadacre industries covered in ABARES survey include the grains, grains-livestock, sheep, beef and sheep-beef industries. The information collected is a basis for analysing the current financial position of farms in these industries and expected changes in the short term. This paper uses data from the ABARES Australian agricultural and grazing industries survey (AAGIS), Australian dairy industry survey (ADIS), and Australian vegetable growing industry survey to report estimates of financial performance indicators (Definitions) for broadacre, dairy and vegetable farms in New South Wales.

Definitions
Major financial performance indicators
  • Total cash receipts: total revenues received by the business during the financial year.
  • Total cash costs: payments made by the business for materials and services and for permanent and casual hired labour (excluding owner manager, partner and family labour).
  • Farm cash income: total cash receipts - total cash costs
  • Farm business profit: farm cash income + changes in trading stocks - depreciation - imputed labour costs
  • Profit at full equity: return produced by all the resources used in the business, farm business profit + rent + interest + finance lease payments - depreciation on leased items
  • Rate of return: return to all capital used, profit at full equity * 100 / total opening capital
  • Equity ratio: Farm capital minus farm debt expressed as a percentage of farm capital
Industry types
  • Grains: farms mainly engaged in producing broadacre crops such as wheat, coarse grains, oilseeds and pulses, and including farms running sheep and/or beef cattle in conjunction with substantial broadacre crop activity.
  • Sheep: farms mainly engaged in running sheep.
  • Beef: farms mainly engaged in running beef cattle.
  • Dairy: farms mainly engaged in milk production.
  • Vegetable: farms mainly engaged in growing vegetables.

Performance of broadacre farms — New South Wales

Average farm cash income of New South Wales broadacre farms increased in 2014–15 by 19 per cent to $131 600 (refer to table and figure below). This increase resulted from increased cash receipts from the sale of beef cattle, sheep, wool and pulses and a decrease in expenditure on fodder and fuel.

Farm cash income of broadacre farms in New South Wales is estimated to have increased further in 2015–16 to an average of $176 000 a farm. This is more than double the 10–year average to 2014–15 of $78 000 and would is the highest average farm cash income recorded in New South Wales in the past 20 years. Average total cash receipts of broadacre farms in New South Wales are expected to have increased by 14 per cent in 2015–16 as a result of improved seasonal conditions leading to increased winter crop production in northern New South Wales as well as higher prices for beef cattle, lambs and wool.

Total cash costs are expected to have increased by 5 per cent in 2015–16 compared with 2014–15 despite a decline in expenditure on livestock purchases. Increased costs reflect greater expenditure on repairs and maintenance by beef cattle producing farms as well as expenditure on fertiliser, fodder and crop and pasture chemicals.

Real farm cash income, broadacre industries, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm

Refer to tablular data for details: Real farm cash income, broadacre industries, average per farm
Note: y Provisional estimate.
Source: ABARES Australian Agricultural and Grazing Industries Survey

Financial performance, New South Wales broadacre industries
2012–13 to 2015–16, average per farm
Performance indicator 2013–14 2014–15 p RSE 2015–16 y


Source: ABARES Australian Agricultural and Grazing Industries Survey
RSE Standard error expressed as a percentage of the estimate provided
p Preliminary estimate
y Provisional estimate
a Excludes capital appreciation
b Excludes leased plant and equipment
c Average per responding farm
d Equity expressed as a percentage of farm capital
e Rate of return to farm capital at 1 July
f Off-farm income of owner manager and spouse
na Not available
Total cash receipts ($)403 270440 200(4)500 000
Total cash costs ($)292 700308 600(4)324 000
Farm cash income ($)110 570131 600(6)176 000
Farms with negative farm cash income (%)2313(20)14
Farm business profit ($)10 14022 300(33)78 000
Profit at full equity a ($)44 85055 600(14)112 000
Farm capital at 30 June b ($)3 567 3703 824 400(5)na
Farm debt at 30 June c ($)456 040474 400(9)504 000
Equity ratio c d (%)8787(1)na
Rate of return a e (%)1.31.5(12)2.9
Off-farm income c f ($)35 57041 300(10)na

Average farm cash incomes are estimated to have increased in all regions of New South Wales in 2015–16, driven by increased receipts from beef cattle, crops, lambs and wool resulting from increased prices and higher crop production following improved seasonal conditions (refer to table below). Relatively low farm cash incomes were recorded in the Far West and the North West Slopes and Plains in 2014–15, with most farms subject to dry seasonal conditions (refer to ABARES Australian broadacre zones and regions map below).


Farm cash income of New South Wales broadacre farms, by region, 2014–15 to 2015–16, average per farm
Region 2014–15 p
$
RSE 2015–16 y
$


Source: ABARES Australian Agricultural and Grazing Industries Survey
RSE Standard error expressed as a percentage of the estimate provided
p Preliminary estimate
y Provisional estimate
111: NSW Far West154 000(19)222 000
121: NSW North West Slopes and Plains100 000(22)213 000
122: NSW Central West171 000(9)174 000
123: NSW Riverina208 000(9)246 000
131: NSW Tablelands73 000(21)116 000
132: NSW Coastal28 000(25)46 000

ABARES Australian broadacre zones and regions

 ABARES Australian broadacre zones and regions
Note: Each region is identified by a unique code of three digits. The first digit identifies the state or territory, the second digit identifies the zone and the third digit identifies the region.
Source: ABARES

Performance of beef industry farms — New South Wales

Average farm cash incomes of New South Wales beef industry farms increased considerably from $39 000 to $69 000 a farm in 2014–15 as a result of higher average prices received for beef cattle and increased cattle turn-off (refer to figure below).

In 2015–16, farm cash income of New South Wales beef industry farms is projected to have increased further to average $85 000 a farm. This is around double the 10–year average to 2014–15 of $37 000 and the highest average farm cash income of beef industry farms since 2004–05. Further increase in beef cattle prices is estimated to have resulted in an increase in beef cattle receipts and more than offset increases in total farm cash costs.

Real farm cash income, beef industry, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm

Refer to tablular data for details:  Real farm cash income, beef industry, average per farm
Note: y Provisional estimate.
Source: ABARES Australian Agricultural and Grazing Industries Survey

Performance of sheep industry farms — New South Wales

In 2014–15, farm cash income of New South Wales sheep industry farms increased to average $106 000 a farm, as a result of an increase in sheep and lamb prices combined with slightly higher turn-off and an increase in the quantity of wool sold (refer to figure below).

In 2015–16, farm cash income of New South Wales sheep industry farms is expected to have increased to an average of $123 000 a farm, around 77 per cent above the 10–year average to 2014–15. Total cash receipts are projected to have increased as a result of higher prices for sheep and wool combined with an increase in sheep turn-off. An estimated increase in expenditure on repairs and maintenance is expected to have more than offset the decline in expenditure on sheep purchases, fodder, interest payments and fuel, resulting in a small increase in total cash costs.

Real farm cash income, sheep industry, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm

Refer to tablular data for details: Real farm cash income, sheep industry, average per farm
Note: y Provisional estimate.
Source: ABARES Australian Agricultural and Grazing Industries Survey

Performance of grains industry farms — New South Wales

Average cash income of New South Wales grains industry farms remained mostly unchanged, averaging $212 000 in 2014–15 (refer to figure below). Crop receipts decreased in some regions as a result of dry seasonal conditions causing reduced production of both winter and summer crops particularly in northern New South Wales. For mixed crop–livestock farms, these lower crop receipts were partly offset by increased receipts from sheep, lamb and beef cattle. Total cash costs decreased slightly reflecting reduced expenditure on fuel and interest paid.

In 2015–16, farm cash income is estimated to have increased for New South Wales grains industry farms to an average of $292 000 a farm. This is more than double the 10–year average to 2014–15 of $116 000 and mainly reflects increased winter crop production in northern New South Wales, together with higher prices for pulses.

Real farm cash income, grains industry, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm

Refer to tablular data for details: Real farm cash income, grains industry, average per farm
Note: y Provisional estimate.
Source: ABARES Australian Agricultural and Grazing Industries Survey

Performance of dairy industry farms — New South Wales

In 2014–15 average farm cash incomes of New South Wales dairy farms increased significantly from $118 000 to $180 000 as a result of increased milk production and increased milk prices (refer to table below).

In 2015–16 farm cash income of New South Wales dairy industry farms is estimated to have declined to an average of $156 000 a farm (refer to figure below). This is still around 21 per cent above the 10–year average to 2014–15. The decline in farm cash income is a result of lower milk prices in southern regions, increased expenditure on purchased fodder and a small reduction in milk production. The reduction in farm cash income in New South Wales is expected to have been relatively smaller than in other southern states because of milk prices being maintained in northern New South Wales.

Real farm cash income, dairy industry, 2001–02 to 2015–16, average per farm

Refer to tablular data for details: Real farm cash income, dairy industry, average per farm
Note: y Provisional estimate.
Source: ABARES Australian Dairy Industry Survey


Financial performance, New South Wales dairy industry
2013–14 to 2015–16, average per farm
Performance indicator 2013–14 2014–15 p RSE 2015–16 y


Source: ABARES Australian Dairy Industry Survey
RSE Standard error expressed as a percentage of the estimate provided
p Preliminary estimate
y Provisional estimate
a Excludes capital appreciation
b Excludes leased plant and equipment
c Average per responding farm
d Equity expressed as a percentage of farm capital
e Rate of return to farm capital at 1 July
f Off-farm income of owner manager and spouse
na Not available
Total cash receipts ($)803 880928 900(3)923 000
Total cash costs ($)685 570749 300(3)767 000
Farm cash income ($)118 310179 700(11)156 000
Farms with negative farm cash income (%)1615(49)19
Farm business profit ($)3 92080 100(26)30 000
Profit at full equity a ($) 66 050148 400(13)94 000
Farm capital at 30 June b ($) 4 107 9304 745 400(8)na
Farm debt at 30 June c ($) 807 920890 500(11)947 000
Equity ratio c d (%) 8081(3)na
Rate of return a e (%) 1.73.3(13)2.0
Off-farm income c f ($) 21 35016 400(21)na

Performance of vegetable industry farms — New South Wales

There were 574 vegetable growing farms in New South Wales in 2014–15, accounting for around 22 per cent of Australian vegetable growing farms. Most of those vegetable farms in New South Wales were located in Greater Sydney, the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area and the Far North Coast.

Farm cash income of vegetable growing farms in New South Wales is estimated to have declined in 2013–14 to an average of $51 000 a farm (refer to table below). Vegetable production increased because the average area planted increased and yields were stable. On average, farms shifted production towards potato and tomato, and away from lettuce, pumpkin and green peas. Increased vegetable production more than offset lower vegetable prices, thus increasing vegetable cash receipts.

Physical and financial performance, vegetable industry, New South Wales
2012–13 to 2014–15, average per farm
Selected estimates 2012–13 RSE 2013–14 p RSE 2014–15 y RSE


Source: ABARES Australian Vegetable Growing Farms Survey
RSE Standard error expressed as a percentage of the estimate provided
p Preliminary estimate
y Provisional estimate
Vegetable cash receipts ($) 213 190 (15) 265 600 (33) 224 000 (21)
Area sown to vegetables (hectares) 14 (21) 23 (10) 21 (40)
Quantity vegetables produced (tonnes) 374 (40) 525 (13) 558 (40)
Farm cash income ($) 62 900 (31) 51 200 (21) 73 000 (38)

Farm cash income is estimated to have increased in 2014–15 to an average of $73 000 a farm, 21 per cent lower than the 10-year average farm cash income to 2014–15 (refer to figure below). Vegetable production increased because yields for most vegetables increased, despite the decline in average area planted. On average, farms shifted production towards cabbage, pumpkin and tomato and away from carrot, onion and cauliflower. Increased vegetable production did not offset lower vegetable prices, reducing vegetable cash receipts. However, estimated average total cash costs declined more than estimated average total cash receipts leading to an increase in farm cash income.

Real farm cash income, vegetable industry
2005–06 to 2014–15, average per farm

Refer to tablular data for details: Real farm cash income, vegetable industry, average per farm
Note: y Provisional estimate.
Source: ABARES Australian Vegetable Growing Farms Survey

Performance of sugarcane growing farms — New South Wales

The New South Wales sugarcane industry is mainly located between Grafton and Queensland border.

Farm cash income of New South Wales sugarcane growing farms is estimated to have increased from an average of $38 100 a farm in 2013–14 to an average of $82 000 a farm in 2014–15 as a result of increased sugarcane production (refer to table below).

Sugarcane receipts averaged $2 300 per hectare planted to sugarcane for New South Wales region farm businesses in 2013–14, compared to $3 090 for all sugarcane businesses nationally. Average cash costs of sugarcane production (excluding finance costs) was $2 040 per hectare in 2013–14 compared with $2 490 per hectare for all sugarcane businesses nationally, resulting in a cash operating margin (before finance costs) of $270 per hectare. This was below the average for all sugarcane businesses nationally of $600 per hectare in 2013–14.



Physical and financial performance, sugarcane growing farm businesses,
New South Wales, 2013–14 to 2014–15,
average per farm
Financial year Area
(ha)
Yield
(t/ha)
Production
(t)
Total
cash receipts
($)
Total
cash costs
($)
Farm
cash income
($)
Rate of return
(%) a


Source: ABARES Australian Sugarcane Farm Businesses Survey
a rate of return excluding capital appreciation
y provisional estimate
2013–14 62 73 4 642 176 700 138 500 38 100 -2.6
2014–15 y 62 96 6 008 218 000 136 000 82 000 -0.6

In New South Wales, in 2013–14, 3 per cent of sugarcane growers intended to expand production over the next five years, the lowest proportion of all Australian sugarcane producing regions. The highest proportion of farms expecting to diversify or reduce production was in New South Wales (31 per cent).

These financial performance results were sourced from ABARES survey of Australian sugarcane growing farm businesses, which collected a comprehensive set of financial, physical and management information on farm businesses that grow sugarcane. Comprehensive results can be found at the following link:
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/abares/publications/display?url=http://143.188.17.20/anrdl/DAFFService/display.php?fid=pb_asffpd9absf20151218.xml

Fisheries sector

In 2013–14 the gross value of New South Wales fisheries production was estimated to be around $137 million, increasing by 11 per cent ($13 million) from 2012–13. New South Wales contributed 6 per cent of the total value of Australian fisheries production in 2013–14. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 63 per cent ($86 million) of the state's total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 37 per cent ($51 million).

New South Wales wild-catch fisheries provide a range of fisheries products. In 2013–14, finfish species contributed 51 per cent of the wild-catch production, valued at $44 million. The main finfish species landed were sea mullet, with a gross value of production of $11.7 million, followed by black and yellowfin bream ($3.5 million), school whiting ($2.5 million), snapper ($2.0 million) and eastern Australian salmon ($1.8 million). Prawns contributed 19 per cent of the total value of wild-catch fisheries with a value of $16.2 million, with other important crustacean groups being eastern rocklobster (12 per cent; $10 million) and crabs (8 per cent; $6.5 million).

In 2013–14 the value of New South Wales aquaculture production is estimated to have increased by 7 per cent ($3.4 million) to $51 million. Oyster production makes the greatest contribution to New South Wales aquaculture production, accounting for 71 per cent of production by value, worth $36 million. Prawns ($4.5 million) and finfish aquaculture species, including silver perch ($2.7 million), trout ($2.7 million) and barramundi ($0.9 million) make up most of the remaining aquaculture production.

Commonwealth fisheries active in New South Wales include the Small Pelagic Fishery, the Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with tuna), and the Commonwealth trawl sector of the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark fishery.

In 2013–14, New South Wales fisheries product exports were valued at $13.9 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen fish, rocklobster and abalone. Japan and New Zealand, are the major destinations for New South Wales fisheries exports, accounting for 34 per cent and 15 per cent of the total value of exports in 2013–14, respectively. Other major export destinations include Vietnam (13 per cent), Taiwan (9 per cent) and Hong Kong (9 per cent).

The New South Wales coast line is an important recreational fishing area, with a multitude of inlets and estuaries from which to fish (NSWDPI 2013). Being a tourism precinct, the region offers a number of recreational fishing opportunities, with the value of this activity to the regional economy likely to be significant. There are also a range of game fishing tournaments throughout the year, including in the Bermagui and Port Stephens area, targeting tuna and marlin species. New South Wales also contains a number of recreational only fishing areas, especially in the far south coast of New South Wales, a popular destination for both marine and freshwater recreational fishers. A large number of recreational fishers also fish in the Greater Sydney area, stretching from Newcastle to the Illawarra area, and comprising the city areas of Newcastle, Sydney and Wollongong. Species commonly targeted in the area include yellowfin bream, dusky flathead, yellowtail, blue swimmer crab, squid, and southern calamari (Steffe and Murphy 2011).

Forestry sector

In 2013–14, the total plantation area in New South Wales was approximately 390 000 hectares, comprised of approximately 90 600 hectares of hardwood plantations, 296 700 hectares of softwood plantations and 2 700 hectares of other plantations. The main hardwood species planted are Dunn's white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii), blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis), flooded gum (Eucalyptus grandis) and Sydney blue gum (Eucalyptus saligna). The main softwood species planted are radiata pine (Pinus radiata), slash pine (Pinus elliottii) and Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea).

In 2011, the most recent year for which data are available, there were approximately 22.3 million hectares of native forests in New South Wales, comprised mainly of Eucalypt medium woodland (approximately 6.8 million hectares), Eucalypt medium open (4.8 million hectares), Eucalypt tall open (2.3 million hectares), Callitris (1.5 million hectares) and Eucalypt mallee woodland (1.1 million hectares) forest types. Approximately 8.9 million hectares of the native forests are privately owned, 5.7 million hectares are leasehold forest, 5.6 million hectares are in nature conservation reserves and 2.0 million hectares are multiple-use public forest available for timber production (refer to figure below). Major timber processing industries are located at Albury, Barham, Booral, Gilmore, Glenn Innes, Glenreagh, Herons Creek, Koolkhan, Kyogle, Lismore, Thora, Tumbarumba, Tumut, Urbenville, Walcha and Wyan.

Display: Colour graph Tabular data Both graph and table

Area of native forest, by tenure, New South Wales

Refer to tablular data for details: Area of native forest, by tenure for New South Wales
Source: ABARES Australia's State of the Forests Report 2013



In 2014–15, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested was 924 000 cubic metres valued at $115 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested was 57 000 cubic metres valued at $6 million. The volume of softwood harvested was 4.6 million cubic metres valued at $347 million. These values include both New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.

Total sales and service income in the New South Wales forest and wood product industry was estimated at approximately $7.2 billion in 2013–14. The income was generated from the sale of wood products estimated at approximately $3.4 billion, and the remaining $3.9 billion was generated from the sale of paper and paper products.

In 2011, the New South Wales forestry sector employed 22 247 workers (0.7 per cent of the total employed workforce in New South Wales) compared with 25 243 (0.9 per cent) in 2006. The number of people employed includes forestry support services and timber wholesaling.

References

ABS 2011, Census of Population and Housing, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra.

ABS 2015, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, Nov 2015, cat. no. 6291.0.55.003, Australian Bureau Statistics, Canberra.

ABS 2016a, Agricultural Commodities, Australia, 2014–2015, cat. no. 7121.0, Australian Bureau Statistics, Canberra.

ABS 2016b, Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2014–15, cat. no. 7503.0, Australian Bureau Statistics, Canberra.

ABARES 2016, Australian forest and wood products statistics: September and December quarters 2015, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Canberra, May.

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